What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that causes your blood sugar or glucose to be too high, which in turn can lead to serious problems. High blood sugar can lead to damage to the eyes, nerves, and kidneys. It can lead to heart attacks or strokes if left untreated, therefore diabetes treatment is essential.
Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by your pancreas not making enough insulin, the substance that processes blood sugar so that your cells can use it for energy. Type 2 diabetes results in your body not processing or producing insulin well. If you are older, obese, or live a sedentary lifestyle, you have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes.
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
You can prevent Type 2 diabetes by losing weight and keeping it off, exercising regularly, and eating healthy foods that are low in fats and sugars. Smoking can also contribute to insulin resistance so, by all means, don’t start and, if you are a smoker, stop.
Treatments for Diabetes
If you have Type 1 diabetes, you must take regular injections of insulin as well as monitor your blood sugar levels. Some patients can use an insulin pump that makes administering insulin a lot easier.
For Type 2 diabetes several medications can help your body process insulin more effectively. Some people with Type 2 diabetes must also take insulin.
People with either type of diabetes can benefit by going on a special diet that helps to control spikes in blood sugar.
Research for a Diabetes Cure
Diabetes has no cure. It remains a chronic condition that can be managed with care. However, research for a cure is ongoing, ranging from using stem cells to revive the pancreas’ ability to produce insulin, to preventing some of the disease’s complications.
For more information on diabetes treatment contact us.