Diabetes In Children & Teens

There are two different types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. It used to be that adolescents would only get type 1 and it was referred to as juvenile diabetes. Recent studies and findings, however, are showing that more and more children are getting type 2 diabetes, formerly known as adult-onset diabetes.

Diabetes In Children & Teens

How can it be prevented?

It isn’t too hard to prevent type 2 diabetes, however, type 1 diabetes really isn’t preventable at all. Good diet and exercise are the best preventative measures. Childhood obesity is the main cause of children getting type 2 diabetes. Keeping your child active and keeping up with a healthy diet will help prevent them from getting type 2 diabetes.

Although type 1 is not all that preventable, making sure your child has a good diet and plenty of exercise will greatly reduce the possibility of them getting it. Staying at a healthy weight is pivotal for someone who has type 1 diabetes, so if your child is already there when they get it, then they’ll be that much ahead of the game.

What are the symptoms?

There are a few obvious symptoms that you can look out for. Although by themselves they may not mean diabetes, if your child has them all together then you should definitely take them to the doctor immediately. These signs can progress quickly, as short as a few weeks. They are as follows:

  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Fruity-scented breath
  • Fatigue
  • Changes in behavior
  • Irritable
  • Insatiable hunger
  • Weight loss

What can you do?

There are quite a few things that can be done. There are differences and some similarities between the two different types. Good diet and exercise are the two most main things you can do for both types of diabetes. Meet with your child’s pediatrician to figure out the best course of action for your child.

Type 1 diabetics have to take insulin, as their pancreas no longer creates it. This can be done in a couple of different ways. There are insulin pumps which automatically pump insulin into the patient when it’s needed. There is also self-administered insulin through subcutaneous injection. This is done by injecting the insulin into the skin.

Type 2 diabetics may not have to take insulin depending on how bad their diabetes is. If they do, it is usually in the form of a pill and injected insulin for very uncontrolled cases. Otherwise, type 2 diabetes can be controlled with diet and exercise. Their pancreas will still produce insulin and with a better diet and exercise program will make even more.

What’s next?

As science progresses, we discover more ways to better treat type 1 and 2 diabetes. However, there is no cure yet. Until there is, we just have to keep doing our best to make sure our kids are happy, healthy, safe, and do our best to alleviate any pains caused by their diabetes.  We are here to help.  Call us today!